Gastroenterology and hepatology > Crohn's disease – tests and treatments

  • Barium meal, barium follow through or barium enema, as well as CT and MRI scans, may be used to diagnose the disease. Colonoscopy is often carried out as well, so that a small tissue sample can be obtained for examination in the laboratory to confirm the diagnosis.
  • Treatment depends upon the site of the disease, but includes corticosteroids and drugs to reduce the inflammation. The drugs can be given as an enema if the large intestine and rectum are affected.
  • Dietary adjustments and vitamin and mineral supplements can also help. When the digestive system is inflamed, a specialized diet may be prescribed consisting of foods that require very little digestion before being absorbed.
  • Patients have regular check-ups as outpatients in hospital to monitor their condition. If you have severe symptoms, you may be admitted to hospital for treatment.
  • Occasionally, when symptoms cannot be controlled by drug treatment, it is necessary to remove the inflamed part of the intestine in an operation.

    For more information on Crohn's disease go to:
    Crohn's disease – what is it?
    Crohn's disease - complications and severity